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Percentage Distribution of Total Income of Families and Unattached Individuals by Quintiles, Canada, 1980-1996

Share of Total Income (%)
 Lowest quintileSecond quintileMiddle quintileFourth quintileHighest quintile
Families
19806.313.018.424.038.3
19816.412.918.324.138.3
19826.412.618.024.138.9
19836.312.417.824.139.5
19846.212.318.024.139.5
19856.412.317.924.139.3
19866.412.417.924.039.4
19876.412.317.824.039.5
19886.412.417.924.039.3
19896.512.517.823.839.4
19906.312.417.924.039.3
19916.412.117.623.940.0
19926.312.117.724.139.8
19936.312.017.624.140.0
19946.412.217.724.139.6
19956.412.017.423.940.2
19966.111.917.424.040.6
Unattached Individuals
19804.59.515.725.744.6
19815.09.515.825.144.6
19824.99.415.625.045.2
19834.69.414.624.546.9
19844.89.915.324.745.2
19855.110.115.224.445.3
19865.110.315.424.544.6
19875.310.315.724.644.1
19885.310.115.524.444.6
19895.710.516.124.743.0
19905.710.315.624.244.2
19915.410.615.724.743.6
19925.410.415.424.544.3
19935.410.415.424.144.7
19945.510.514.824.244.9
19955.410.615.524.044.6
19965.410.515.224.044.9
Families and Unattached Individuals
19804.310.717.825.242.0
19814.610.917.625.241.8
19824.610.817.424.942.3
19834.410.317.125.043.2
19844.510.417.225.042.9
19854.610.417.024.943.0
19864.710.417.024.943.1
19874.710.416.924.843.3
19884.710.416.924.943.2
19894.810.616.924.543.1
19904.710.416.924.843.2
19914.710.316.624.743.8
19924.610.316.724.843.6
19934.710.216.424.743.9
19944.710.216.724.843.6
19954.710.216.424.544.1
19964.610.016.324.744.5
Source: Prepared by the Canadian Council on Social Development, using Statistics Canada's Income Distributions by size in Canada 1996

Reading this table

Example: Quintiles are fifths, or 20 per cent of a total population. If you took all Canadians and ranked them according to income, you could then divide them into five equal quintiles. The top quintile is the one-fifth (or 20%) of people with the highest incomes. The fourth quintile is the one-fifth with the second-highest incomes, and so on down to the bottom quintile, which is the one-fifth (20%) of Canadians with the lowest incomes. If you look at the top row of this table, you will see the income distribution for families in 1980. The lowest quintile (20%) of families received a 6.3% slice of the total family income pie in 1980, while the highest quintile received 38.3% of the total family income pie. Scrolling down to the families in 1996, you will see that the rich got richer while the poor got poorer.

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