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Poverty Lines

Last updated: June 20, 2006

The LICOs are published by Statistics Canada. Persons and families living below these income levels are considered to be living in "straitened circumstances." There are 35 different LICOs, varying according to family size and size of community. The LICOs are more popularly known as Canada's poverty lines.

Before-Tax Low-Income Cut-Offs (LICOs), 2005
 Population of Community of Residence
Family Size500,000 +100,000-499,99930,000-99,999Less than 30,000*Rural
1 $20,778 $17,895 $17,784 $16,273 $14,303
2 $25,867 $22,276 $22,139 $20,257 $17,807
3 $31,801 $27,386 $27,217 $24,904 $21,891
4 $38,610 $33,251 $33,046 $30,238 $26,579
5 $43,791 $37,711 $37,480 $34,295 $30,145
6 $49,389 $42,533 $42,271 $38,679 $33,999
7 + $54,987 $47,354 $47,063 $43,063 $37,853

Notes: This table uses the 1992 base. Income refers to total pre-tax household income.

*Includes cities with a population between 15,000 and 30,000 and small urban areas (under 15,000).

Source: Prepared by the Canadian Council on Social Development using Statistics Canada's Low Income Cut-Offs, from Low income cut-offs for 2005 and low income measures for 2004 Catalogue # 75F0002MIE.

Reading this table

Example: A family of four living in a very large Canadian city with a before-tax income of less than $38,610 in 2005 would have been living below the poverty line.

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Canadian Council on Social Development, 190 O'Connor Street, Suite 100, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 2R3
Tel: (613) 236-8977, Fax: (613) 236-2750, Web: www.ccsd.ca, Email: council@ccsd.ca