research & reports

The Canadian Council on Social Development is pleased to make available the results of its research. Among our most popular reports ...

Funding Matters

Nonprofit and voluntary sector organizations in Canada are groaning under the strain of a new funding regime that seriously impedes their ability to perform vital work on behalf of millions of Canadians, according to a study released by the Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD).

This study is the first in-depth examination of how the voluntary and nonprofit sector in Canada is coping after a decade of cost-cutting and restructuring by governments. A year in the making, the study's author consulted close to 200 representatives of nonprofit and voluntary sector organizations, public and private funders and funding experts from across the country.

Cultural Diversity

The Cultural Diversity Program at the Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) is a research unit which focuses on immigration, multiculturalism, and ethno-racial relations from a social and economic perspective.

Urban Poverty Project

Poverty is not only about the numbers. It's about the stark realities of daily life for millions of Canadians. We hope that the numbers provided here will help communities share information, leverage resources and create solutions to the blight of urban poverty in Canada.

The Urban Poverty Project 2007 is a series of comprehensive analytical reports, resource tools, and data profiles which take a broad look at different aspects of urban poverty in Canada, using detailed data from Statistics Canada Censuses and other sources. Reports in the UPP series pay special attention to the status of certain population groups particularly vulnerable to poverty, while others examine the concentration of poverty in urban neighbourhoods.


This series of online documents and resources is designed to be both user-and-planet-friendly. It includes fact sheets, poverty data tables, in-depth reports and summary documents.

Related Materials

  • Poverty Reduction in Canada
    Presentation by Katherine Scott at the CACL 50th Anniversary Conference, November 2008.
  • Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Canada
    Presentation by Katherine Scott at the CDPAC Poverty and Action in Canada conference, November 2008.
  • Shelter - Homelessness in a growth economy: Canada's 21st century paradox
    (by Gordon Laird, for the Sheldon Chumir Foundation)
  • Talking about urban poverty: CCSD's Katherine Scott speaks to Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology (May 10, 2007)

From the CCSD Archives: Urban Poverty Project 2000

Social Reports

The CCSD’s new Social Development Report Series is an essential tool that provides an understanding of how geography, history and politics have created varying approaches to community building across our country.
Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs: Social Development Report Series, 2009

Series Editor: Katherine Scott

Persistent poverty and growing inequality are the most significant and intractable challenges facing Canada today, diminishing the lives of thousands of individuals and families. Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs provides the context and insight to understand and act in the fight against poverty in Canada.

This first collection of reports – Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs – identifies current federal, provincial, and territorial approaches to poverty reduction, alleviation and eradication, profiles the ideas, interests and institutions that have shaped the evolution of that work, and identifies critical issues for each jurisdiction moving forward.

The CCSD’s new Social Development Report Series is an essential tool that provides an understanding of how geography, history and politics have created varying approaches to community building across our country. 

Reports by Provinces (in PDF format)

Alberta Northwest Territories Prince Edward Island
British Columbia Nova Scotia Quebec
Manitoba Ontario Saskatchewan
New Brunswick Nunavut Yukon Territory
Newfoundland & Labrador Canada  

The CCSD would like to acknowledge and thank all those who contributed their energies and expertise to making the first Social Development Report Series a success.

Disability Research Information Program

Provides centralized access to our information about disability research. DRIP was established by the Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD), with financial support from Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC).

Children and Youth with Special Needs

written by Louise Hanvey, November 2001

The Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) marked National Child Day with the release of a report highlighting the difficulties and barriers facing children with special needs – problems which should be diminishing, given the Prime Minister’s public commitment to Canada’s children in the last Speech from the Throne, but which in fact remain daunting.

Children with special needs are those with physical disabilities, chronic conditions, intellectual disabilities, emotional problems, activity limitations or learning disabilities. Approximately 21% of children aged 6 to 11 have special needs. The report Children and Youth with Special Needs reveals that children with special needs run the risk of being socially excluded from many opportunities that the majority of Canadian children take for granted.

"While Article 23 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child states that children with disabilities have the right to enjoy full and decent lives, our report shows that in Canada this opportunity is not enjoyed by all children with special needs," said Marcel Lauzière, Executive Director of the CCSD.

"Most troubling in these findings is the association between low income and children with special needs," said Louise Hanvey, author of the report. Among its key findings, the report shows that children with special needs:

  • miss more school, change schools more often and perceive themselves as not doing well in school;
  • face barriers including inadequate funding for community-based services (such as educational, recreational and social services), an inability on the part of communities to provide supports and negative attitudes among the public and some professionals;
  • are frequently barred from participating in activities due to the inaccessibility of facilities and a lack of transportation (children in rural communities being particularly hard hit by this).

Children and Youth with Special Needs was written by Louise Hanvey, Project Director of The Progress of Canada’s Children. Findings in Children and Youth with Special Needs are based on new survey research by the CCSD and new analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY).

Children and Youth with Special Needs - Full Report

Disability Information Sheets
  • Issue #1 - Identifies a variety of Canadian data sources on Persons with Disabilities, and explores some possible research themes.
  • Issue #2 - Examines methodological issues surrounding a disability status variable when using longitudinal data. Includes data on the relationship between the disability status variable and employment between 1993 and 1998, and two tables about education and employment for people with and without disabilities.
  • Issue #3 - Focuses on the data about children with disabilities. It also includes some more information about disability, education and labour force participation.
  • Issue #4 - Provides more labour market statistics for persons with disabilities, as requested by many of our readers. In particular, we have had numerous requests for data that go beyond simple questions of labour force participation patterns. People want to know something about the kind of work that persons with disabilities do when they get a job in the paid labour market, and we have received many demands for more information about wages. So in this Information Sheet, we concentrate primarily on wage data using Statistics Canada’s Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics.
  • Issue #5 - Examines wages and labour market statistics for persons with disabilities using Statistics Canada's Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). The focus is on wages and economic security. In addition, we look at the movement of employed persons with and without disabilities within broad occupational groupings, and changes in the rate of involuntary part-time work.
  • Issue #6 - Provides statistics on persons with disabilities and their access to and use of computers. The database used is Statistics Canada's General Social Survey, Cycle 14, 2000.
  • Issue #7 - Looks further at the statistics on persons with disabilities and their access to and use of computers.
  • Issue #8 - Explores some of the differences between workers with disabilities and workers without disabilities. We look at job stress, feelings of being overqualified, job security, and the introduction of new technologies in the workplace.
  • Issue #9 - Focuses on the health and well-being of persons with disabilities. We look at self-rated health status, access to health care, and various supports for persons with disabilities, including social support, emotional support, affection, friendships and more.
  • Issue #10 - Workers with disabilities, and issues of personal security among persons with disabilities.
  • Issue #11 - Explores the use of medication among persons with disabilities. There is also a short section on children with disabilities and how they fit in at school.
  • Issue #12 - Examines persons with disabilities and the Medical Expense Tax Credit (METC); difficulties with local transit; and children with special needs at school.
  • Issue #13 - Explores the use of medical professionals and alternative health care providers by persons with and without disabilities.
  • Issue #14 - Provides statistics on persons with disabilities and a number of health conditions, including high blood pressure, heart disease, asthma, diabetes, arthritis/rheumatism, cataracts, and migraines.
  • Issue #15 - Profiles vision and hearing loss among persons with disabilities. In the second part of this sheet, we take a look at the impact of collective bargaining agreements on persons with disabilities.
  • Issue #16 - Workers with Disabilities and the Impact of Workplace Structures.
  • Issue #17 - Supports and Services for Persons with Disabilities in Canada: Requirements and Gaps.
  • Issue #18 - Provides various employment-related statistics for persons with disabilities in Canada, using data from the 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS), the 2001 Workplace and Employee Survey (WES), and the 2001 Census of the Population. We also provide a brief summary of some of the findings of a report entitled Supports and Services for Adults and Children Aged 5-14 with Disabilities in Canada, and in particular, the requirements and unmet needs for employment supports and services.
  • Issue #19 - Examine the combination of both hearing and seeing disabilities, and combined disabilities for agility/mobility and pain. We also provide basic employment rates by disability types (including combinations).
  • Issue #20 - Examines the medication and health care patterns of children with disabilities.

Progress of Canada's Children

The Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) has been producing Progress since 1996. This magazine-style publication provides a wealth of information on different factors that influence the health and well-being of Canadian children and youth. This 7th edition reports on many indicators, including family life, economic security, physical safety, learning, and more. Because the report tracks this information over time, it helps identify trends, successes, and challenges.

Progress is one of the CCSD's most popular products. It is a useful resource tool that includes a full index and easy-to-read charts and tables. It is geared to those whose work involves issues affecting children and youth. Researchers, policy-makers, community workers and activists, teachers, parents, and child care workers are regular users of information in Progress.

Crime Prevention

Social conditions such as housing, family income, and education leave their deepest marks on children and youth. Improvements in these social conditions have been shown to open up new vistas for young people who might otherwise end up behind bars.

This is the principle behind crime prevention through social development (CPTSD): promoting well-being through social, health, and educational measures. Such international authorities as the United Nations (2002) agree that CPTSD is effective, particularly with children and youth.


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